Eye Tumors

Eye Tumors

What is an Eye Tumor?

Eye Tumor takes its root from the structures in the eye. In addition, it is considered an eye tumor when it takes root from structures outside the eye, such as the eyelid, tear glands and cornea. Some patients also have eye tumors due to cancers such as lung, breast, blood and lymphoma.

An eye tumor caused by different types of cancer is defined as a metastatic eye tumor. Those that develop in the structure of the eye are called intraocular tumors. Tumors that develop outside of the eye are named after whichever structure they belong to in medicine. For example, a tumor on the eyelid is called an eyelid tumor. If you suspect that you have a tumor in your eye, you should have it checked by a doctor before it's too late.

What are Eye Tumor Symptoms?

Even if you suspect that you have an eye tumor, you take a risk if you do not go for a check-up. Because the longer the control and treatment process is delayed, the more difficult your recovery will be. After your doctor diagnoses you with an eye tumor, he or she will do some checks. In line with the controls, we develop treatment methods suitable for the tumor and your problem is solved.

Patients with a tumor in their eye usually experience visual impairment symptoms. In addition, flashing of light also shows itself among the symptoms. If the tumor in your eye is located in or near the center of vision, you will experience visual impairment earlier. If you have trouble seeing, you can find out if you have an eye tumor when you go to the doctor.

How is Eyelid Tumors Diagnosed?

When patients are diagnosed with a tumor on the eyelid, they become panicked. In fact, eyelid tumors are generally benign. However, depending on the conditions and health status, malignant tumors can also be encountered. If you have seen a wound on your eyelid during the day and you do not know how it occurred, you can ask the doctor questions for control purposes.

If the wound on your eyelid does not heal and an eye tumor is diagnosed, surgical methods should be applied. The doctor chooses between excision or reconstruction surgeries according to the characteristics of the tumor in the eyelid. If you agree with specialist and experienced doctors in the field, the surgery goes smoothly. One of the conditions for the successful outcome of the operation is to comply with the surgeon's warnings and recommendations.

What Are Eyelid Tumors?

As it is known, the eyelids consist of structures such as skin, muscle, glands and mucous membranes. The importance of eyelids in terms of both anatomy and vision is obvious. Protecting the eye from traumas, regulating the amount of light reaching the eye, and spreading the tears occur thanks to the eyelids. The purpose of the eyelids is to wet the eyes, protect them and clean the surface of the eye.

The thinnest skin in our body is the skin of the upper eyelid. The tissue under the skin is flexible and does not have adipose tissue. From time to time, benign or malignant tumors can occur on the eyelids, which are so important for eye health. These tumors, which are seen on the eyelid, can also be seen in any skin layer of the body.

What are Eye Cancer Treatment Methods?

It cannot be said that the same treatment is applied to everyone. Because many aspects of the patient with eye cancer are different from the others, from the age, health status and spread of the cancer. For this reason, a general treatment process cannot be planned by the doctor ignoring the patient-specific features. The treatment process of each patient proceeds in accordance with the disease state.

Depending on the patient's condition, methods such as surgery, radiotherapy, laser, chemotherapy, proton and cryotherapy are preferred in the treatment of eye cancer. If there is a tumor developing in the eye and it is still in the first stage of cancer, the laser method is considered appropriate. Doctors turn to proton therapy when laser therapy doesn't work. Proton therapy is a newly developed treatment method.

Tumors of the Tear System

Contrary to popular belief, lacrimal system tumors are more common diseases than excretory system tumors. This tumor is mostly seen in adults. As with every tumor, the treatment process in lacrimal system tumors also differs according to the patient's condition. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy methods are among the treatment types preferred by doctors.

Tumors detected in the lacrimal gland have two different tissues, lymphoid and epithelial. While one of them manifests itself in the form of pain, the other is detected by biopsy method. Tumors with epithelial tissue are removed by surgical operations. If you suspect you have a tumor in your eye, it is important to seek medical advice. Thanks to the doctors who are experts in the field, it is not difficult to successfully conclude a lacrimal system tumor.

Intraocular Tumors (Melanoma)

People's skin has a melanin structure in which the pigment is adjusted. Melanoma is also the name of the type of cancer that develops in these cells. Just like the skin, the eyes also have melanin cells. Eye melanoma, also known as ocular melanoma, is one of the melanin cancers encountered today. Usually, melanoma develops in the invisible part of the eye. That's why you can't see it when you look in the mirror.

It is also very difficult to detect because it develops in the invisible part of the eye. It is difficult to diagnose because it does not cause early symptoms. But it is not an incurable disease. If the eye melanoma is large in size, it causes commonly observed visual disturbances. While eye melanoma can cause symptoms, some patients do not have symptoms.

Intraocular Tumors (Retinoblastoma)

Retinoblastoma is not as common a type of cancer as eye melanoma. It occurs inside the retina and is a disease that only occurs in children. Some children are hereditary, while others are not. In hereditary cases, the child must be genetically predisposed to retinoblastoma. In non-hereditary cases, cancer occurs in the child depending on various conditions.

The disease is not observed in the same way in every child. Some children develop in one eye, while others develop in both. But in general, cancer that develops in one eye is common. Unilateral retinoblastoma is also called unilateral retinoblastoma. The disease that develops on both sides is not a common condition in children. The disease observed on both sides is also called bilateral retinoblastoma.

Capillary Hemangioma

The equivalent of hemangioma is vascular mole. It is also known as vascular ball among the people. Hemangioma occurs when many blood vessels gather together. It is a benign, that is, non-cancerous tumor. It is a form of tumor that generally occurs all over the body. It is common in the face and neck regions.

Although it is congenital in some patients, it can also be observed in the first 6 months after birth. Normally, these tumors disappear on their own over time. Some of the hemangiomas are resolved at the age of 5, and some at the age of 9. If you have heard the term strawberry spot, it would not be wrong to say that it is the equivalent of capillary hemangioma.

Cavernous Hemangioma

The aforementioned capillary hemangioma usually occurs on the surface of the skin. Cavernous hemangioma occurs under the skin or around the eyes. If you have a hemangioma on your eyelid, on the surface of your eye and around it, it is of the capillary type. Congenital hemangiomas are not common, they usually occur within the first few months after birth. This tumor that forms in the blood vessels is benign.

These tumors can be found in your body's skin, muscles, and internal organs. However, doctors usually find a hemangioma on the surface or lower part of the skin. Cases where the hemangioma causes cancer are very rare. Doctors do not need treatment for this reason. The cause of the tumor is not known exactly, but there is no doubt that it is not related to the drugs used during pregnancy.


An example of a congenital eye tumor is lymphangioma. This disease occurs when lymphatic vessels cannot connect with the vessels responsible for carrying dirty blood. It is possible to examine lymphangioma in two ways: capillary and cystic. Cystic lymphangioma is also known as cystic hygroma. This type of lymphangioma is mostly seen in the armpit and neck region.

Although it is a low probability, cystic lymphangioma is seen to arise in unexpected areas such as the breast, abdomen and chest pit. Doctors prefer to treat it with a surgical operation. However, thanks to the development of medical facilities, it has recently become possible to treat it using the injection method. Successful results can be obtained when consulted with specialist doctors in the field.


Lymphoma is popularly known as lymph cancer. Due to various conditions, lymphocytes in the defense mechanism begin to grow uncontrollably and cause cancer. It is a type of cancer that usually occurs in the lymph nodes. As it is known, one of the most important defense mechanisms of our body is the lymph nodes. The reason why the lymph nodes are so important is that they protect the human body from various infections and diseases.

As infections occur in the body, the lymph nodes increase in size. When the disease passes, the lymph nodes return to their former size. As a matter of fact, this is a normal phenomenon that happens to every human being. If lymphoma occurs during this event, lymphocytes grow and multiply uncontrollably and cause cancer.


Membranes called meninges surround the brain and spinal cord. Meningioma are also benign tumors that occur due to these membranes. Tumors are not usually cause for concern as they are less likely to spread. Tumors are likely to grow up to 5 cm in size. However, it is rare for meningioma tumors to grow and cause cancer.

Meningioma forms part of brain and spinal cord tumors. Symptoms begin with severe pain that lasts for a long time. In some cases, visual impairment is experienced when an eye tumor occurs. In addition, symptoms such as paralysis and difficulty in moving are situations that happen to patients. Doctors follow the tumor in the first place. Then, treatment is carried out through surgery and radiotherapy.

Optical Glioma

One of the most common brain tumors is optic glioma. As it is known, there are many tumors that can be considered as brain tumors. The tumor is named according to the cell in which it is located. Optic gliomas are tumors that do not grow rapidly and do not have a large grade in the brain. It occurs at the optic chiasm, where the left and right optics meet.

Although optic glioma is not a common tumor, it occurs in children. In some cases, it can be observed at the age of 20 and above. Optic glioma can also cause visual disturbances due to an eye tumor. If your child has nausea and vomiting, you can find out if there is a risk of optic glioma by checking with a doctor. It is also possible to talk about rare symptoms.


If you are researching about an eye tumor, you are likely to come across rhabdomyosarcoma. Because this disease is the most common tumor in children. Rhabdomyosarcoma tumor is generally seen in muscle and fibrous regions. If an example is given to the parts where the tumor can be seen, it can be said that the head, neck, bladder, vagina, uterus and testicles. In some cases, it is also found in areas such as the spinal cord, brain, abdomen and chest.

It is among the tumors of unknown cause. Rhabdomyosarcoma occasionally causes symptoms such as puffy eyes, constipation, pain in the abdomen, blood in the urine, and nasal discharge. If it is diagnosed under the control of a doctor, a treatment method suitable for the condition of the tumor is developed. If you think you have an eye tumor disorder, you should consult a doctor by doing detailed research.

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